What is Drug Addiction?
Drug addiction is a chronic disease characterized by compulsive, or uncontrollable, drug seeking and use despite harmful consequences and changes in the mind, which can be long lasting. These changes in the brain may lead to the harmful behaviors seen in individuals who use drugs. Drug addiction is also a disorder that is relapsing.
The path to drug addiction begins with the voluntary action of taking drugs. But over time, a person’s ability to choose to not do thus becomes compromised. Taking and seeking the drug becomes compulsive. This really is largely because of the effects of long-term drug exposure on brain function. Habit affects parts of the brain involved in motivation and reward, learning and memory, and control over behavior.
Addiction is a disease that affects both behavior and the brain.
Can drug addiction be treated?
Yes, but it’s not simple. Individuals can’t just stop using drugs for a couple of days and be healed, because addiction is a chronic disease. Most patients need long-term or recurrent attention to quit using totally and recover their lives.
1.Cease using drugs
2.Remain drug free
3. Be productive in your family, on the job and in society
How is drug addiction treated?
Successful treatment has several measures:
1.Detoxification (the process where the body rids itself of a drug)
2. Behavioral counseling
3.Drug (for opioid, tobacco, or alcohol addiction)
4. Evaluation and treatment for co-occurring mental health problems like stress and depression
5.Long term follow-up to prevent relapse
6.A variety of care with a treatment that is tailored system and follow up options can be critical to success. Treatment should include both medical and mental health services as needed. Follow-up care may include community- or family-based recovery support systems.